Karnataka State Remote Sensing Applications Centre

Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms (e-Governance), Government of Karnataka



Karnataka State Remote Sensing Applications Centre

Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms (e-Governance), Government of Karnataka




Current Projects

Forest Fire Monitoring and Analysis

To prepare, collate and disseminate data, information and advisories based on Remote Sensing from far and near and GIS technologies for use by Karnataka Forest Department and concerned GoK departments and the citizens in preventing, monitoring and analysis of forest fires in the state of Karnataka


The broad scope of the work in the Forest Fire Cell shall include the following :

  1. Designing strategies for fire prevention in terms of fire barriers and live alerts.
  2. Utilizing best available latest satellite imagery/UAV to aid active fire mitigation effort.
  3. Bridging the gap between satellite and field, facilitating communication which can be translated immediately from map to ground, reducing response time.
  4. Accurately assessing the fire affected area categorized by severity, and monitoring regrowth patterns.
  5. Creating a dynamic information system with all information pertaining to control of forest fire from ground or space with bidirectional flows.
  6. To prepare, collate and disseminate data, information and advisories.

Funding Agency: Karnataka Forest Department

Sangam Range – Forest Information Map


Project Status

Ongoing

Forest Cover Change Analysis and Mapping of Forest cover for Karnataka using Remote Sensing and GIS Technique

Forest cover change analysis for Karnataka using Remote Sensing and GIS Technique-Part-I and Mapping of Forest cover of Karnataka using high resolution satellite imagery-Part-II funded by Karnataka Forest Department with the following objectives.

Funding Agency: Karnataka Forest Department

Objectives
The project consists of two parts. The defined objectives are

  1. Preparation of forest types and canopy density map for the year 2018-19 using IRS Resourcesat-2 LISS-IV satellite images.
  2. Change analysis of forest type and density comparing 1999-2000 and 2018-19 data sets.
  3. Development of web application for viewing, querying and analyzing the above mentioned generated Geo-spatial data.


Project Status

Ongoing

Mapping of Forest Right Act Cases

The Ministry of Tribal Welfare brought out The Schedule Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act-2006 and Rules in 2008. It is notified for implementation from 1st January 2008. The act provides for recognizing the individual rights to forest land which is cultivated by forest-dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers. The criteria are the forest land should have been occupied before 13th December 2005 and continue to have been under occupation.

Funding Agency: Karnataka Forest Department

Objectives
To provide Remote Sensing based evidence that the Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers have occupied forest before 13th December 2005.




Project Status

Ongoing

Creation of Geo-Spatial Database of Forest Lands of Karnataka

The fringe areas of forests in Karnataka are often influenced and encroached by human activities. The other major phenomenon that affects the forest environment is the forest fire. To safeguard the forests from these negative influences effectively and also to manage forest resources it is proposed to develop a GIS-based digital cadastral database of notified forest lands. In this context Karnataka Forest Department initiated the project for delineating the forest boundaries using Geo-referenced Village Cadastral maps with survey numbers on high-resolution ortho-rectified satellite image and create a Geo-spatial database of forest lands. Which also helps for updating of a cadastral maps and development of land resources information system for forest areas.
Funding Agency: Karnataka Forest Department
Scope of the project:

To create digital database of forest lands of State of Karnataka.

  1. Uniform Centralized GIS database of all Notified Forests of the state with Uniform updated Accuracy
  2. Collection of Gazette Notification of Notified Forests, other Documents & Forest maps from the concerned Division/ Working Plan wing
  3. Identification and collection of cadastral maps covered in forest boundary by referring C-statement or Boundary Description as per gazette notification.
  4. Collection of GCP along the Village Survey Number Boundaries. Well distributed GCPs with minimum 8-10 Points to be collected for each Village
  5. Vectorization of cadastral maps which covers the Forest areas of Karnataka State.
  6. Geo referencing of vectorised cadastral maps using the high resolution ortho-rectified satellite Image, supported by village wise GCPs collected from field.
  7. Delineating Forest Boundary on cadastral data using notifications of forest lands.
  8. Integrating cadastral information system into the spatial frame work of FIS Karnataka, scalable from forest management boundaries such as Circle, Division, Range, Section, Beat and compartment as well as village-Gram panchayat – Hobli –Taluk and District level and Micro watershed to watershed boundaries to aid administrative and developmental activities.
Study Area::
Karnataka is the eighth largest state in the country with a geographical area of 1.92 lakh sq. kms. The state has been divided in 30 districts, 40 Forest divisions and 26 wild life sanctuaries for administrative purposes with more than 30000 villages and approximately 11393 in forest villages. The lists of Forest villages of district wise in Karnataka are showing below.


Aranya Soochi: Interim project of Forest Mapping

To create digital database of forest lands of State of Karnataka using existing Seamleee cadastral data available with KSRSAC.

  1. Collection of Village maps marked with forest boundary from KFD
  2. Geo-referencing of forest boundary delineated village maps on existing Cadastral data.
  3. Delineation of Forest boundary using cadastral data and forest boundary marked village maps
  4. Seamless forest boundary creation along with notified survey numbers.

Project Status

Ongoing

Mangrove Community Zonation and Biophysical characterization for coast of Karnataka – As part of National Mangrove Mapping



Mapping and inventory of Indian wetlands at scale using Resourcesat-1(IRS-P6)LISS III data pertaining to 2006-07 has been carried out at Space Application Centre (SAC,2011) funded by Ministry of Environment and Forests(MoEF),Govt. Of India. Mangroves as one of the major coastal wetlands occupy 3.09% (4714.07 sqkm) of the total wetland area. Also, Forest survey of India conducts biennial mapping at 1:50000 scale, where mangrove database at national level. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Govt.of India has stressed on the need of having national level data base on mangrove on 1:25,000 scale and also to identify areas of intense changes, with reference to previous assessments with the following objectives

Funding Agency: Space Application Centre, ISRO, Ahmedabad

Objectives

  • Updation of dominant mangrove community zonation at 1:25000 scale for coast of Karnataka
  • Testing and extrapolation of existing models for biophysical characterization

Project Status

Ongoing

Space Technology Utilization for Food Security Agricultural Assessment and Monitoring (SUFALAM)

Component 1

The area estimation for the new crops viz., Kharif Maize, groundnut and Rabi groundnut based on the requirements from the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Department, Govt. of India was taken up under SUFALAM programme. Space Technology Utilization for Food Security Agricultural Assessment and Monitoring under SUFALAM project is envisaged to develop the methodology for pre-harvest area and production forecast for new crops using remote sensing and other collateral data. Karnataka is one of the major growing states for maize and groundnut crops in Kharif and Rabi seasons. The duration of the project is from 2019 to 2020. The main objective is to develop a methodology for crop area estimation using Synthetic Aperture Data (SAR) and optical satellite images.

Component 2

National Institute for Transforming India Ayog (NITI) setup a task force on “Use of technology for agriculture Insurance”. The task force in terms of report suggested the use of space technology in different capacities to aid the crop insurance schemes viz., assessment of area sown, difference in crop area sown, prevented or failed sowing, crop loss, crop damage area estimation, planning and optimization of crop cutting experiments at different administrative or Insurance Units. The crop covered under this study area Kharif paddy, Rabi sorghum and summer paddy. The duration of the project is from 2019 to 2021.

The main objectives of the study are listed below

  1. To asses or map the area of selected crops at Insurance Unit
  2. Optimization of CCE at different administrative units
  3. To develop an integrated approach for yield gap analysis and preparation of yield gap maps


Funding Agency: Space Application Centre, ISRO, Ahmedabad


Project Status

Ongoing

Forecasting agricultural output using Space Agro-meteorological and Land-based observation (FASAL)

The works related to Forecasting agricultural output using Space Agro-meteorological and Land-based observation (FASAL) was carried out for the major crops in Karnataka for Kharif paddy, cotton, summer paddy, sugarcane, Rabi sorghum & Bengal gram in collaboration with MNCFC. Sentinel-1 Microwave data (Spatial Resolution 20m, 12 days) VV polarization, Resourcesat-2 LISS-III data (Spatial Resolution 23.5m, 24 days), Sentinel-2 (10m, 10 days) and Landsat-8 OLI (30m, 16 days), were used for acreage estimation. District level area and yield have been estimated using weather-based regression and remote sensing index (Vegetation Crop Index) based models.



Project Status

Ongoing

Generation of Pre-level and Estimate the Volume of Extracted Materials from B - Category Mines of Bellary Districts

Objectives

  1. DGPS Control work for individual Mines ( Checking the Heights and fixing the boundaries)
  2. To generate pre level surface plan and digital elevation model (DEM) of the lease based on Aerial photographs of 1993.
  3. To generate post level surface plan and DEM of the lease based on Total Station Survey ANS Drone survey data (Data provided by Dept. Mines and Geology).
  4. To estimate the volume of materials extracted from the mine by comparing the pre level (KSRSAC) and post level surface plan ( Total Station Survey as well as Drone data ) of the mine provided by Department of Mines and Geology
  5. To estimate quantity transported out of the mine over the permit issued

Funding Agency: Central Empower Committee / Monitoring Committee



Project Status

Ongoing

Preparation of Pre-level Surface plan and estimate the volume of extracted materials for C-Category Mines in Bellary District

Funding Agency: Department of Mines and Geology

Objectives

  • To generate pre level surface plan and digital elevation model (DEM) of the lease based on Aerial photographs of 1993.
  • To generate post level surface plan and DEM of the lease based on the total Station Survey (of 2014 and 2015) AND Drone survey data (Data provided by Dept. Mines and Geology).
  • To Estimate the total volume of the material extracted from the lease by comparing the pre-level and post level DEMs.
  • To Compute the estimated net quantity extracted (in MTs) from the estimated volume (in CMT) using average B.D provided by DMG.
  • To compute the quantity transported from the lease more than permits issued by subtracting total quantity for which permits were issued from the estimated net quantity extracted.





Project Status

Ongoing

Quantity of Material Exported from 1st January 2009 to 31st December 2010 from 8 C Category Mines Leases for SIT



Funding Agency: Department of Mines and Geology

Objectives

Since no proper Pre-Level and Post Level data of the above period was available to take up the work, it was decided to carry out the work using available Stereo Cartosat Images for the period. A search of NRSC website revealed that the Stereo data of the following dates were available covering the mining area of Bellary district.


Project Status

Ongoing

Preparation of Base Map for the formulation of GIS-based Master Plans under AMRUT

KSRSAC has prepared Taluka and G.P wise maps showing proposed suitable Water Harvesting Structures. Based on these maps concerned authority will conduct suitable site investigation, survey etc., before finalizing and recommending WHSs site for construction.

Since KSRSAC is the nodal agency for all the GIS projects in the state it has taken up the work of preparing GIS Base Maps for the generation of Master plan of the 26 LPAs. Very high-resolution Satellite image (worldview 2.05m) is used for the preparation of base maps on scale 1:2000 with symbols. More than 100 feature layers are being extracted from the satellite image for the generation of large scale base maps. The Maps are prepared as per the KGIS content standards. The data is prepared in a designed geodatabase format with all inbuilt topological validations.

Objectives:

  • The purpose of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is to (i) ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection; (ii) increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks); and (iii) reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g.walking and cycling).
  • The assignment is to prepare a GIS-based Master Plan for the 26 LPAs in Karnataka in 3 phases as mentioned below.




Project Status

Ongoing

GPS survey for boundary fixing and GIS application for Land Records Management and Information System for Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Plant (VISP)

The Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Plant (VISP) located in Bhadravati, Karnataka is a unit of SAIL. VISP holds a large extent of area which is utilized for its factory use and township. To have an effective management of existing land resources and assets of VISP (including roads, buildings- residential, commercial, industrial use, parks, public amenities etc) VISP desires to have a Geographic Information System (GIS) based land resources and asset information system.

To establish such state-of-the-art GIS based information system, VISP had approached Karnataka State Remote Sensing Applications Center (KSRSAC), the state nodal agency for carrying out the Remote Sensing and GIS (RS&GIS) activities of Government of Karnataka.

Funding Agency: Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Plant (VISP), Bhadravati





Objectives

  • Boundary fixing with DGPS Survey
  • Physical Survey of Property Mapping
  • Customized GIS Wed based Application for monitoring of VISL area
  • MIS reports generation


Project Status

Ongoing

Monitoring of NABARD sponsored watersheds using Geo-spatial technologies

The project envisages monitoring and evaluation of NABARD sponsored projects using Bhuvan web services and mobile applications. The watersheds have to be monitored by using multi-temporal satellite images for three dates and also web portal will be developed for the better utilization of the Bhuvan services. The duration of the project is up to 2020.
The following objectives of the project are given below.

  1. Delineation of watershed boundaries based on the SIS-DP database and inputs provided by NABARD
  2. Creation of Land Use Land Cover thematic layer
  3. Normalized Difference Vegetative Index (NDVI) & Change detection
  4. Evaluation and assessment with geo-tagged photographs
  5. Project wise report generation

The KSRSAC has been invited to participate as a collaborative agency for which the center has accorded its willingness. The work will be initiated as soon as the MoU is signed.

Project Status

Ongoing

Use of Geo-informatics in rural road projects under Pradhan Mantri Gram SadakYojana

This is a centrally sponsored project under Pradhan Manthri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) launched in the year 2000 primarily to provide all-weather road connectivity to all eligible unconnected habitations in the country. This is one of the components of Bharath Nirman. Under this project, it is envisaged to monitor the activity of rural roads and to create the spatial database of this theme as felt necessary under PMGSY, MoRD. The spatial database needs to be created both for the completed and ongoing roads on 1:10,000 scale. The duration of the project is 18 months and the data will be finally hosted on Bhuvan Geo-portal.

The KSRSAC has been invited to participate in this endeavour as one of the agencies to carry out the work pertaining to Karnataka state. The KSRSAC has concurred to participate in the project and awaiting the appraisal of details which includes the demonstration of a pilot study. The work will be commenced after signing the MoU.




Project Status

Ongoing

New Revenue Villages

This project is funded by the Revenue Department, Govt. of Karnataka. The main objective is to scan, digitize, quality check and plot new revenue villages on the existing cadastral maps. The new revenue villages were delineated and new boundary numbers assigned based on the information provided by the Revenue Department.


Funding Agency: Revenue Department






Project Status

Ongoing